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Kumana Bird Sanctuary

Kumana National Park spreads over an area of 35,664ha including a 200ha natural swamp called Kumana Villu. The swamp with occasional seawater inundation is a haven for mangroves and a popular nesting place for many species of birds. The Kumana National Park is a prime birdwatching destination in the world and the lagoons in the park help nature to attract more bird species.

During April and July, tens of thousands of birds in different flocks migrate to the region including Asian Openbill, White-breasted Waterhen, Lesser Whistling Glossy Ibis, Purple Heron, Great Egret, Indian Pond Heron, Weathercock, Purple Swamphen, Duck Black-crowned Night Heron, Intermediate Egret, Little Egret, Spot-billed Pelican, Indian Cormorant, Little Cormorant, Common Moorhen, and Little Grebe.

Regular sightings include such species of bird as pelicans, painted storks, spoonbills, white ibis, herons, egrets, and little cormorants.

The very rare Black-necked Stork, Lesser Adjutant, Eurasian Spoonbill, and Great Thick-knee has also been spotted in the park.

Aside from the abundant birdlife, Kumana is also home to several fascinating mammals such as elephants, leopards, Golden Jackals, European Otters, and the endangered Fishing Cat.

Additional information

Nearby Attractions

The most popular nearby attraction

  • Arugam Bay
  • Arugam Bay is a lovely little fishing village where tourism took up after 2009. However, it is not well-known among travelers.

    Arugam Bay is widely regarded as the greatest surf spot in Sri Lanka and one of the top ten surf destinations in the world. Its high-quality surf breaks cater to all levels of surfers. Many surfing events are held here annually.
    Though the beach is well-known for surfing, it is also suitable for all other types of beach vacations
    Distance: 28 Km

  • Muhudu Maha Viharaya Historical Temple
  • The almost 2000-year-old temple is built on dunes, and the Stupa can be viewed from Arugam Bay beach.
    Though the ruins of an old stupa, an audience hall, a monks’ residence, and few stone sculptures can be seen, it is thought that more artifacts are buried beneath the sand.
    Distance: 32 Km

  • Kudumbigala Monastery
  • According to the stone inscription unearthed at the site, it is a Buddhist monastery complex that was established 2250 years ago. Archaeologists have discovered over 200 natural rock caves that are thought to be monks’ residences. There are several trails to explore.
    A stupa (pagoda), Sri Lanka’s only cylindrical stupa, rises alone atop a massive rock. Climbing to the summit of the hill provides a beautiful view of the surrounding coastline and lush green landscape.
    Distance: 5 Km

  • Peanut Farm Beach
  • With clean waters and scenic beauty, it is one of the greatest spots to surf in Arugam Bay. There are gentle and challenging waves suitable for both beginners and experienced surfers.
    The name was derived from a peanut plantation that existed in previous decades.
    Distance: 21.5 Km


Accommodation (within 10km)

  • Star Classified hotels- No
  • International Chain Hotels- No
  • Boutique Hotels- No
  • Resorts- No
  • Ayurvedic Hotels- No
  • Inns/Guest Houses- Yes
  • Hostels- No
  • Homestays- No
  • Eco Hotels- Yes

* You might still find preferred accommodation in nearby cities.


Distance from (estimate)

  • CMB Airport- 441km (travel time: 7hrs 45min)
  • Colombo City- 416km (travel time: 7hrs 50min)
  • Sigiriya Rock Fortress- 292km (travel time: 6hrs 45min)
  • Anuradhapura Ancient City- 341km (travel time: 7hrs 40min)
  • Polonnaruwa Ancient City- 239km (travel time: 5hrs 40min)
  • Kandy City- 243km (travel time: 6hrs)
  • Galle Dutch Fort- 306km (travel time: 6hrs 10min)

* The time and distance are only given to give you an idea. There are stopovers between the two locations. The cities listed above are some of the most popular tourist attractions in Sri Lanka.

Best Time


  • February to September

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